BRIEF HISTORY The Eastern Bengal Railway was formed after the State acquired the lines owned by the Eastern Bengal guarantee Railway on 1stJuly, 1884 and amalgamated it with the North Bengal State and South Eastern Railways.
On 1st January, 1942, Assam Bengal Railway and Eastern Bengal Railway were amalgamated to form Bengal Assam Railway System which was divided according to the political boundaries.
The Railway network under Sealdah Division were western part of the Eastern Bengal Railway.
Sealdah Division became a part of Eastern Railway on 14.04.52 after reorganisation.
GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION Geographically the division covers areas between river Hooghly on the west, Bangladesh on the north and east and Sundarbans in the south.
The division serves six districts of the state of West Bengal, North 24 Praganas, South 24 Praganas, Nadia, Murshidabad, Kolkata and Howrah.
Kolkata is the Central Business District of West Bengal and the flow of passengers’ traffic is centralised towards Kolkata. Sealdah terminal is more or less situated in the centre of Kolkata and thus plays a vital role in management of suburban traffic.
PLACES OF HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE
Kolkata, Barrackpore, Diamond Harbour, Dakshineswar, Krishnagar City, Nabadwip Ghat, Murshidabad, Plassey, Shantipur etc. attract visitors in large numbers throughout the year due to their historical and religious background.
DIVISIONAL RAIL NETWORK
Sealdah has two terminal complexes for Main/North corridor and South corridor.
The main corridor is divided into two spurs –
•Dum Dum Jn. – Dankuni
•Naihati – Ranaghat – Gede, Krishnanagar – Lalgola
Bangaon – Barasat – Hasnabad comes under the North corridor.
The south corridor comprises of the following sections –
•SDAH/South-Ballygunge Budge Budge
•Baruipur - Diamond Harbour
North and South corridors are linked via Kankurgachi – Park Circus chord.
Kolkata Terminal opened on 30th January 2006, handles mail/express trains and is also linked with the circular railway EMU services. "Maitree Express" and “Bandhan Express” running between India & Bangladesh operate from this Terminal.
Dum Dum Jn. And Garia are important interchange stations between Kolkata Metro services and Circular/Suburban Railway services.
There are 32 terminal stations other than Sealdah where trains originate/terminate to meet the needs of the suburban commuters.